Here is a summary of the Bible study on Sunday.
"The Promise & David
In about 2090 BC, God made a promise to Abraham. He told him, "I
will make you into a great nation ... I will bless you ... I will
give you many descendants ... I will give you a land
all nations on earth will be blessed through your offspring."
About 600 years later, Abraham's descendants (Israel) entered the
"promised land." In 1010 BC, David became king of Israel.
God made a promise to David, which was in line with his promise
God promised David a dynasty. David's offspring would succeed him
as king, and his kingdom would endure forever (2 Samuel 7:11b-16).
God was faithful to His promises. David's son Solomon succeeded
him as king, and Israel became a "great nation." As Solomon
said, "Not one word has failed of all the good promises [God]
gave through his servant Moses" (1 Kings 8:56).
The "great nation" did not last. Though Solomon was wise
in many ways, he did some very foolish things. Solomon took hundreds
of wives who worshiped other gods and his heart was turned away
from the true God to other gods (1 Kings 11:1-6). Solomon's unfaithfulness
toward God resulted in Israel's division. Eventually, Israel was
destroyed and exiled.
God had promised David that his "house and kingdom would endure
forever" (2 Samuel 7:16). So how could God's promise be fulfilled?
Luke 1:26-33 provides the answer. Jesus, a son of Abraham and son
of David, would be given the throne of David, and His kingdom would
never end. Jesus is the ultimate fulfillment of God's promise to
There is much we can learn about ourselves and God from Israel's
story. However, on Sunday, we focused on one lesson from David's
life. David was considered a "man after [God's] own heart"
(1 Samuel 13:14; cf. Acts 12:22). In general, he was fully devoted
to God (1 Kings 11:4).
However, David had his moral failures. In particular, David committed
adultery with Bathsheba, got her pregnant, arranged for the death
of her husband, and then married her! (2 Samuel 11). He attempted
to hide his sin, but he could not hide his sin from God (and neither
So how could David still be considered a man after God's own
heart? It was certainly not because he was sinless! Rather,
it was because of his response toward God after he realized his
sin. As Psalm 51 indicates, David responded in deep humility and
David confessed that he was a sinner, recognized his need for God's
mercy and grace, and sought God's forgiveness. Because of his attitude
toward God, David was forgiven and restored in his relationship
with God. (This does not mean David escaped all consequences of
his sin! See footnote 12 in the handout.)
The Bible says, "all have sinned" (Romans 3:23) and "the
wages of sin is death" (6:23), meaning separation from God
who is the Source of life and blessing. Jesus Christ came to die
for our sins so that our relationship with God could be restored
(Colossians 1:21-22). Our necessary response is to repent (confess
and turn away from our sins) and place our faith (trust, belief)
in Jesus Christ (Acts 2:38). Do you need to do that?
What about those who have already trusted in Christ? The Christian's
relationship with God is based on Christ's righteousness, not our
own good behavior. It is "by grace, through faith" that
we are saved. Still, sin in the Christian life is harmful, and it
negatively affects our relationship with God. The Bible says, "If
we confess our sins, God is faithful and just and will forgive us
our sins and purify us from all unrighteousness" (1 John 1:9).
Do you need to confess sin? ("Sin" may be defined as "any
attitude or action opposed to the authority and moral will of God.")
Reflect on Psalm 51, and remember that God wants our hearts. God
wants men and women "after His own heart" (that is, loving
God, sharing His values, and desiring His will).
As always, I welcome any questions or comments you may have. So
please let me know.